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Contoh Makalah dengan Catatan Kaki PDF: A Comprehensive Resource for Students and Researchers [^3^]



Contoh Makalah dengan Catatan Kaki PDF: A Comprehensive Resource for Students and Researchers




Writing a paper is not an easy task, especially if you need to follow certain academic standards and conventions. One of the most important aspects of writing a paper is to provide proper citations and references for the sources that you use. This will help you avoid plagiarism and demonstrate your credibility and integrity as a writer.




contoh makalah dengan catatan kaki pdf



There are different ways to cite and reference sources in a paper, depending on the style and format that you are required to use. One of the most common styles is the Turabian style, which is based on the Chicago Manual of Style. The Turabian style uses footnotes and endnotes to indicate the sources of information within the text, and a bibliography or a reference list at the end of the paper to list all the sources that you have cited.


If you are looking for an example of a paper that uses the Turabian style with footnotes, you can find one in this PDF file: Makalah Lengkap Catatan Kaki. This paper is written in Indonesian, but you can still see how the footnotes are formatted and numbered. You can also use an online translator to understand the content of the paper.


In this article, we will explain what footnotes are, how to use them in your paper, and how to create them using Microsoft Word. We will also provide some tips and best practices for writing footnotes effectively. By the end of this article, you will be able to write your own paper with footnotes confidently and correctly.


What are Footnotes?




Footnotes are notes that appear at the bottom of each page of your paper, separated by a horizontal line from the main text. They provide additional information or explanation for something that you have mentioned in the text, such as a quotation, a statistic, a fact, or an opinion. They also indicate the source of the information, such as a book, a journal article, a website, or a personal interview.


Footnotes are different from endnotes, which are notes that appear at the end of your paper, before the bibliography or the reference list. Both footnotes and endnotes serve the same purpose, but footnotes are more convenient for readers because they do not have to flip back and forth between pages to find the source of the information. However, footnotes can also make your paper look cluttered and distract from the main text. Therefore, you should use footnotes sparingly and only when necessary.


Footnotes are also different from parenthetical citations, which are citations that appear within parentheses in the text. Parenthetical citations usually include the author's last name and the year of publication of the source, and sometimes a page number or other information. Parenthetical citations are more common in styles such as APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA (Modern Language Association), which do not use footnotes or endnotes.


How to Use Footnotes in Your Paper?




To use footnotes in your paper, you need to follow these steps:


  • Identify the information that you want to cite or explain using a footnote. This can be a direct quotation, a paraphrase, a summary, a fact, a statistic, an opinion, or anything else that is not your own original idea.



  • Insert a superscript number at the end of the sentence or paragraph where you have used the information. The superscript number should follow any punctuation marks such as commas, periods, question marks, or quotation marks. The superscript number should also be sequential throughout your paper.



  • Create a footnote at the bottom of the same page where you have inserted the superscript number. The footnote should start with the same superscript number as in the text, followed by a period and a space. Then write the content of your footnote according to the Turabian style guidelines.



  • Repeat these steps for each footnote that you want to add to your paper.



Here is an example of how to use footnotes in your paper:


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on various aspects of life around


the world. One of them is education. Many schools and universities have shifted


to online learning as a way to prevent the spread of the virus. However,


this transition has also posed some challenges for students and teachers alike.


. World Health Organization (WHO), "Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic," accessed November 15,


2020,


https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.


. UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization), "Education: From Disruption


to Recovery," accessed November 15,


2020,


https://en.unesco.org/covid19/educationresponse.


. Angga Syahputra, "Pengaruh Covid-19 Terhadap Perekonomian di Kota Lhokseumawe," Iqtishoduna:


Jurnal Ekonomi Islam 6, no. 2 (2020): 100-101.


. Fakhriyan Ardyanto Ardyanto,


"Cara Menulis Footnote dari Jurnal Serta Sumber Referensi Lainnya,"


Liputan6.com,


accessed November 15,


2020,


https://hot.liputan6.com/read/4312772/cara-menulis-footnote-dari-jurnal-serta-sumber-referensi-lainnya.


How to Create Footnotes Using Microsoft Word?




Creating footnotes using Microsoft Word is very easy and convenient. You do not have to worry about numbering your footnotes manually or formatting them correctly. Microsoft Word will do it for you automatically. To create footnotes using Microsoft Word, you need to follow these steps:


  • Place your cursor at the end of the sentence or paragraph where you want to insert a footnote.



  • Go to the References tab and click on Insert Footnote. Alternatively, you can use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+F.



  • A superscript number will appear in the text and a corresponding footnote will appear at the bottom of the page.



  • Type the content of your footnote according to the Turabian style guidelines. You can use the same font and size as in the main text, or you can use a smaller font (such as 10 point) to save space.



  • Repeat these steps for each footnote that you want to add to your paper.



Here is an example of how to create footnotes using Microsoft Word:


Source: Turabian Format and Style Guide With Examples


Contoh Makalah dengan Catatan Kaki PDF




Untuk memberikan gambaran tentang bagaimana penulisan makalah dengan catatan kaki, kami akan memberikan contoh makalah dengan catatan kaki PDF yang dapat diunduh dari internet. Makalah ini berjudul "Pengaruh Covid-19 Terhadap Perekonomian di Kota Lhokseumawe" dan ditulis oleh Angga Syahputra sebagai salah satu tugas mata kuliah Ekonomi Islam di Universitas Malikussaleh. Makalah ini menggunakan gaya kutipan Turabian dengan catatan kaki dan daftar pustaka.


Makalah ini terdiri dari lima bab, yaitu:


  • Bab I Pendahuluan, yang berisi latar belakang, rumusan masalah, tujuan penelitian, manfaat penelitian, dan sistematika penulisan.



  • Bab II Kajian Pustaka, yang berisi tinjauan teori tentang Covid-19, dampak Covid-19 terhadap perekonomian global dan nasional, dampak Covid-19 terhadap perekonomian di Kota Lhokseumawe, dan kerangka pemikiran.



  • Bab III Metode Penelitian, yang berisi jenis penelitian, populasi dan sampel penelitian, teknik pengumpulan data, teknik analisis data, dan hipotesis penelitian.



  • Bab IV Hasil Penelitian dan Pembahasan, yang berisi hasil analisis data dan pembahasan temuan penelitian.



  • Bab V Penutup, yang berisi kesimpulan dan saran.



Makalah ini menggunakan catatan kaki untuk memberikan rujukan sumber informasi yang digunakan dalam penulisan. Catatan kaki diberikan setiap kali ada kutipan langsung atau tidak langsung dari sumber lain. Catatan kaki ditulis dengan huruf Times New Roman ukuran 10 pt dan disusun secara berurutan sesuai dengan nomor panggil dalam teks. Catatan kaki juga mencantumkan halaman sumber informasi jika ada.


Berikut adalah contoh catatan kaki dalam makalah ini:


Source: Makalah Lengkap Catatan Kaki


How to Create a Bibliography or a Reference List?




A bibliography or a reference list is a list of all the sources that you have cited in your paper using footnotes. It is usually placed at the end of your paper, after the conclusion. A bibliography or a reference list helps your readers to find and access the sources that you have used, and to verify the accuracy and validity of your information.


To create a bibliography or a reference list, you need to follow these steps:


  • Collect all the information about each source that you have cited, such as the author's name, the title of the source, the publication information, the page number, etc.



  • Arrange the sources in alphabetical order by the author's last name. If there is no author, use the title of the source instead.



  • Format each entry according to the citation style that you are using, such as Turabian, APA, MLA, etc. Use consistent punctuation, capitalization, indentation, and spacing.



  • Check for any errors or inconsistencies in your entries and correct them if needed.



Here is an example of a bibliography or a reference list using Turabian style:


Source: Turabian Format and Style Guide With Examples


Conclusion




In this article, we have discussed what footnotes are, how to use them in your paper, and how to create them using Microsoft Word. We have also explained how to cite different types of sources using footnotes, and how to create a bibliography or a reference list. We hope that this article has helped you to understand the basics of footnotes and how to apply them in your academic writing. Footnotes are a useful tool to provide additional information or explanation for your readers, as well as to acknowledge the sources of your information and avoid plagiarism. However, you should use footnotes sparingly and only when necessary, and make sure that they are consistent and accurate. By following the guidelines and examples that we have provided, you will be able to write your own paper with footnotes confidently and correctly. b99f773239


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